The social, economic and environmental impacts of the extractive industries are often experienced differently by men and women, and women tend to face greater barriers in accessing information and decision-making spaces.
Ensuring equal participation in decision-making on the extractive sector is critical to addressing inequalities and ensuring that the sector is managed in the interest of all citizens. By recognising and promoting the participation of women in the extractive sector – as employees, business owners, community members and decision-makers on resource governance – governments and companies can ensure that resources are managed more equitably.
To this end, the EITI encourages women’s participation in extractives governance and EITI processes, as well reporting on the gender distribution of employment in the sector. We routinely track gender representation and reporting to monitor countries’ progress in this area and collaborate with partners to deliver guidance on gender sensitive EITI implementation. Gender reporting is now included as part of the Expectations for EITI supporting companies.
The EITI Standard includes provisions that aim to improve the participation of women in extractives sector management and encourage the publication of data by gender. Disclosures related to gender are covered by EITI Requirements 1.4, 6.3, 7.1 and 7.4.
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With women making up less than 10% of the workforce in Senegal, data on employment figures released by Senegal EITI has fed into public debate on diversity in Senegal’s extractives industry. Civil society groups such as Women in Mining (WiM) Senegal have used this information to advocate for reforms, such as the inclusion of women in the supply chain and in local extractives sector policies and projects.
EITI disclosures have shown that only 12% of the mining workforce in the Philippines is female, and few women occupy leadership positions. Recognising the prevalence of structural gender inequality in the extractive sector, Philippines EITI conducted a study on the social, economic and environmental impacts of large-scale mining on women, as well as barriers they face to participate in the sector.
Published in October 2020, the study presents several recommendations for addressing key issues and policy gaps, including amendments to the Philippine Mining Act of 1995 to incorporate gender-sensitive provisions. The findings corroborate earlier research and can further help to shape data-driven polices that support a more inclusive sector. Integrating gender in EITI reporting and implementation has remained a priority for the Philippines EITI, which has been disclosing gender-disaggregated employment data since 2016.