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Libreville, Gabon


Validation status
Yet to be assessed
21 October 2021
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Overview and role of the EITI

Gabon's economy is heavily reliant on the extractive sector, which accounted for nearly 94% of the country’s total exports and 23% of its GDP in 2021. Gabon's extractive industry is dominated by petroleum and manganese production.  

EITI implementation in Gabon offers a unique opportunity to transform transparency commitments into better governance of the country’s extractive sector through a multi-stakeholder approach. Gabon aims to use the EITI platform to enhance transparency in the extractive sector by strengthening disclosures, improving traceability and ultimately, creating value while enhancing the management of payments and revenues.

Gabon had formerly joined the EITI in 2007, but lost its status as an EITI implementing country when it was delisted in February 2013. Gabon rejoined the EITI in 2021.

Economic contribution of the extractive industries

to government revenue
to exports
to GDP
to employment
  • Step 1
  • Step 2
  • Step 3

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Download open data on government and company revenues, revenues by revenue stream and indicator, summary data and more.

Innovations and policy reforms

Gabon is using EITI reporting to shed light on key reforms in the extractive sector, including anti-corruption, energy transition and oil costs.

  • Gabon’s 2021 EITI Report describes the rules applied by companies to calculate cost oil, which recovers defined project costs specified by a production sharing contract. Work is underway to analyse cost oil through a separate verification report.   
  • The report discloses data on energy transition, including gas reserves, hydroelectricity and national electricity consumption. It also includes data on carbon emissions, along with government plans to reduce gas flaring and carbon emissions and promote solar energy. The report also offers insights into the country's carbon absorption capacity.
  • The report presents an overview of Gabon’s legal and institutional framework for anti-corruption. It provides data on illicit financial flows (IFF) as they pertain to extractive sector exports and production, and outlines efforts to tackle corruption, including an overview of the national strategy for 2023-2030.

Extractive sector management

Licenses and contracts

In the oil sector, licenses are issued by tender or direct consultation, conducted by the Hydrocarbons Administration. In the mining sector, The Direction Générale des Mines et de la Géologie (DGMG) generally does not issue invitations to tender for the granting of mining rights/permits, except in specific cases; rather, mining rights are granted based on applications submitted to the DGMG. In cases where two companies possess similar technical and financial capabilities and express interest in the same concession, the DGMG will award the permit to the first bidder. Article 9 of the Mining Code stipulates that exploration and mining activities are ensured by mining agreements, which establish specific technical and financial conditions in accordance with legal, financial, customary and social provisions.

The 2011 CEMAC Transparency Code on transparency and good governance stipulates that "contracts between the public administration and public or private companies, in particular companies exploiting natural resources and those benefiting from a public service concession, must be clear and made available to the public". However, contracts are currently not publicly disclosed.

Beneficial ownership

Gabon does not have a policy or a legal framework mandating the disclosure of beneficial ownership. However, Gabon’s 2021 EITI Report includes a definition of beneficial owner in line with Requirement 2.5 of the EITI Standard. While a template was distributed to extractive companies to report their beneficial owners as part of the EITI reporting process, none of these companies completed the provided template.

Revenue distribution

Payments from extractive companies to the state are managed through the state budget revenue collection system. Under this system, all payments are made in cash into a centralised account at the Treasury. Extractive companies make payments to several financial authorities, primarily the directorate general of taxes (DGI) and the customs department (DGDDI) for ordinary taxes, and the directorate for mining (DGMG) and directorate for hydrocarbons (DGH) for specific payments, such as signature bonuses and mining royalties.  

With regards to subnational transfers, Article 58 of Law No. 037/2018 of 11 June 2019 stipulates that 60% of the extraction tax should be transferred to local authorities. However, no information is currently disclosed with regards those transfers.

EITI implementation


EITI Gabon is administered by the Gabon Multi-Stakeholder Group (MSG). The MSG is chaired by Léontine-Tania Oyouomi-Loumbou. It is comprised of representatives from government, industry and civil society.



For more information about planned Validations, consult the Validation schedule.

Key documents